The tongue is a muscular structure in the oral cavity which has many functions such as supporting in the chewing of food, helping to make sounds and speaking, etc, this function is called phonetic articulation. The tongue is the chief organ of taste because it contains taste buds. The tongue remains moist by the saliva produced by the salivary glands and it is very sensitive as well. The tongue comprises of many nerves and blood vessels. The tongue can also be used for cleaning the teeth. Oral Health Care Specialist recommends to clean the tongue regularly that can help maintain the good oral health.

There are eight muscles in the tongue. These muscles are divided into two types:

Extrinsic muscles of the tongue

  • Genioglossus
  • Hyoglossus
  • Styloglossus
  • Palatoglossus

Intrinsic muscles of the tongue

  • Superior longitudinal
  • Inferior longitudinal
  • Verticalis
  • Transverses

The intrinsic muscles of the tongue are attached to any bone. The extrinsic muscles of the tongue are attached to the bone.

The tongue is the soft tissue site in the oral cavity which is the second most vulnerable to becoming infected with diseases and ailments. The first soft tissues are the gingiva or the gums. Numerous disorders and conditions pertaining to the tongue exist; these include burning mouth syndrome, tongue necrosis, squamous cell carcinoma, etc that need immediate gum disease treatment and other oral treatments. Oral cancer is the condition of the tongue. A growth or ulcer appears on the tongue and grows steadily. Oral cancer is more common in people who smoke and/or drink alcohol heavily. so dentists recommend to take the limited alcohol that wont effect the oral health. It will free you from various Dental problems and treatment that cost heavy.