When the fluid in the soft tissue of the gums, known as edema, becomes surplus, the gums swell. This makes the gums enlarged, protruding or bulging. The swollen gums usually come with redness, pain, ulcers and bleeding. When the health of the oral cavity is poor, the gums swell and later on infections and gum inflammation occur. The swelling can be on any specific part of a gum, or the entire gum line, this depends on the severity of the case.
Causes of swelling of gums
Swollen gums can be caused by gum diseases such as Gingivitis, etc. These types of gum diseases are inflammatory and cause swelling and redness.
- Vitamin deficiency, particularly vitamin C, is also among the causes of gum swelling.
- Another major cause is a fungal or viral infection.
- Sometimes, when dentures are not fitted properly and professionally, the gums become irritated and swollen.
- During pregnancy, some women face the problem of swollen gums.
As there can be numerous reasons for swollen gums, the exact procedures and time period required for the treatment of the problem varies as well.