Stomatitis is an infection of the oral cavity. This infection triggers ulcers and inflammation in the mucous lining in the mouth. It affects the tongue, cheeks, gums, lips, throat and even the floor or roof of the mouth.

Symptoms of stomatitis

  • The gums become swollen
  • The color of the gums turn from pink to red or purple
  • Fever
  • The appetite is affected
  • Problems in swallowing
  • Drooling is increased

The causes of stomatitis

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Poorly fitted dentures
  • Dietary protein deficiency
  • Oral burns caused by drinking or eating hot items
  • Conditions which influence the complete body of an individual such as allergies, radiation therapy, medications or other types of infections

Poorly fitted dentures and oral appliances, jagged teeth and cheek biting have the tendency to create irritation and inflammation in the mouth. Some people face the problem of blocked nasal airways, this often results in chronic mouth breathing, eventually this tendency leads to the mouth tissues drying and later on, irritation and stomatitis.

The inflammatory bowel disease and Behcets syndrome are also other inflammatory disorders which are often linked with stomatitis.


The treatment of stomatitis is done by removing the factors that have caused the infection. Proper and regular cleaning of the oral cavity is most important here. This is the main factor which will prevent the subsistence of stomatitis, and is, in the occurrence of the infection, helpful in the treatment process. By maintaining the appropriate oral hygiene, stomatitis treatment will be effective and successful.

Dental hygienists recommend not using sharp edged foods in such infections and to use a soft-bristled toothbrush. The toothbrush should be used softly and gently and care should be taken in not banging the toothbrush on the gums too harshly.

The periodontist or the dental hygienist can identify if the stomatitis is caused by any local factor, for instance, poorly fitted dentures or sharp teeth. These problems will be treated first by the dentist before carrying on with any further treatment.

Appropriate medication and therapies can be suggested by the dental hygienist or periodontist. It is important to note here that stomatitis is a viral infection, and hence, it cannot be treated with antibiotics.