Muscular Dystrophy and oral health
Muscular Dystrophy implies a number of muscle diseases in which the muscles of the body decline to perform naturally. This condition is inherited, it occurs with abnormalities in the chromosomes and genes. This disease gradually becomes more severe. The symptoms of the disease vary depending upon the genes of the individual.
Due to the weakness of the muscles, most people suffering from muscular dystrophy do not have a perfect structure of the jaws and teeth. The upper and lower teeth of these people do not meet appropriately. Such people also have a habit of pushing their tongue against the front teeth; this disturbs the alignment between jaws and teeth.
The individual suffering from muscular dystrophy also experiences temporomandibular joint disorders. This condition makes chewing, swallowing, speaking, etc more difficult. Such people experience complexity and difficulty in brushing, flossing and rising their teeth.
Patients of muscular dystrophy cannot go through long treatments, as this would make their body more stressed. Most of the patients of muscular dystrophy are paralyzed and they face difficulty in getting on the dentists chair for treatment. The complexities faced by the dentist during the dental treatment also includes the fact that such patients do not have complete control over their tongue movements and usually they are not able to open their mouths for long periods. This requires the dentist to use special devices during the treatment.
A rubber bite block can be used by the dentist during the dental treatment, this ensures that the mouth remains open throughout the treatment process. The muscles of the jaw can also stay relaxed with the use of these blocks. A tongue retractor is also a device which can be used for preventing the tongue from moving around involuntarily. People suffering from muscular dystrophy should try to maintain proper health of the oral cavity.