Discolouration of the teeth

Tooth discolouration is a darkening of the teeth. Many factors can cause it. These factors are:

  • Certain drinks and food items can cause discolouration of the teeth. Tea, coffee, colas and wines in particular have the potential to cause discolouration. Some fruits and vegetables can also trigger it, these include apples, potatoes, etc.
  • Smoking and the chewing of tobacco can stain the teeth and discolour them.
  • If proper cleaning of the teeth is not done on a regular basis, and the bacteria and plaque is not removed, then the teeth can discolour.
  • There are many diseases which can affect the enamel of the teeth. These diseases can also cause discolouration.
  • Certain type of Dental problems and treatment have the effect of causing discolouration as well, for instance, radiation and chemotherapy treatments
  • Particular medications and antibiotics can fade the color of the teeth
  • Certain dental materials can also discolour the teeth, these include amalgam restorations, etc
  • Age
  • Excessive exposure to fluoride
  • Physical trauma

The treatment for discolouration of the teeth is prevention. If your teeth are becoming discoloured due to excessive coffee, tea or any other drink, that particular drink should be avoided. If smoking is the cause, then smoking should be stopped.

Hygiene of the oral cavity is vital in this regard. Proper and regular brushing and flossing technique is necessary twice a day so that the plaque and bacteria in the mouth are removed on daily basis. If the plaque on the teeth has accumulated, you should then occasionally visit the dentist for a scaling treatment to keep the oral cavity clean.