Cleft lip and palate
Cleft lip and palate are basically birth defects, this defect is the result of incomplete development during gestation. With this condition, there is a fissure or a gap on the upper lip or the palate. It is estimated that 1 in 700 children in the world suffer from this condition and hence, it is supposed to be among the most common birth defects. Cleft lip and palate not only change the appearance of the face of an individual, but it also creates difficulties in speaking. There is the need of the Oral Health Care Specialist that may provide the good dental care.
In cleft lip and palate, the lips do not entirely meet together during the initial 3 months of the development of the baby. The cleft lip is typically a small gap or fissure on the upper lip, sometimes it extends to the nose or the gums. A child can have the problem of a cleft lip or a cleft palate or both. When the cleft is on one side of the mouth, it is called a unilateral cleft, and if it is on both sides of the mouth, it is then called bilateral cleft.
It is been observed that a cleft lip is more common among boys, while a cleft palate is common among girls. The precise reason for cleft lip or palate is still unidentified, however, it is believed by experts that certain environmental and genetic factors are the cause. So a proper Dentist Advice About Oral Health Care is must!
Cleft lip and palate can be treated successfully with surgery. With the surgery, individuals who have cleft lip or palate can be restored to a normal look as well as speech. Depending upon the severity of the case, one or two surgeries may be required. The first surgery for the cleft lip can be performed when the baby is 3 months old.
The repair of cleft palate is rather more sophisticated. This treatment requires numerous surgeries to be performed over approximately 18 years along with the Oral Health Tips for Proper Dental Care. The first such surgery can be performed when the baby is 6 – 12 months old. In this surgery, basically a functional palate is created to ensure that the teeth and the facial bones develop as they should. Depending upon the condition, bone grafting might also be required.