Atherosclerosis and heart disease connection with periodontal disease

Atherosclerosis is one of the principal causes of deaths and disabilities in the United States. It is basically a chronic condition which is associated with a hyper-inflammatory state. Substantial direct and indirect evidence exists which propose the causative link between periodontal pathogens and atherosclerosis.

There are many factors which trigger atherosclerosis. Amongst these, most people are aware of the more conventional ones, however, not many people are aware that periodontal diseases can also trigger atherosclerosis. So, there is the immediate need of periodontal disease treatment. Periodontal disease is caused by the constant clustering of bacterial plaque. This bacterial plaque causes mucosal infection and inflammation later on. People who have problems with obesity, cigarette smoking or diabetes are more vulnerable to periodontal disease. After intensive research it has been proved that periodontal disease is also among the factors which can cause atherosclerosis. 

There are many reasons why periodontal disease is considered to be among the causes of atherosclerosis. Some of these reasons are:

  • Periodontal disease and atherosclerosis have certain common risk factors. These common risk factors include diabetes, smoking, obesity, cholesterol levels, blood pressure, and dietary patterns.
  • There are certain intrinsic and extrinsic factors which create the potential for inflammatory response. This eventually leads to periodontal disease and atherosclerosis. The intrinsic factors comprise of sex, age, genes, etc, and the extrinsic factors include smoking, diet, etc. So, one should maintain the best diet for oral health!
  • When the inflammatory activity flares up in the mouth, it results in an atherosclerotic process of cell-mediated and humoral inflammatory pathways. In periodontal disease, the inflammation is intense. It can give rise to a systemic inflammatory response, hence leading to atherosclerosis.
  • The formation of bacteremia with inoculation of atherosclerotic plaques is caused by periodontal infections.

Research has shown that individuals suffering from periodontal disease have proved to be more vulnerable to heart disease and atherosclerosis even after the smoking problem is controlled. Some researchers have also mentioned that men with periodontal disease are more susceptible to atherosclerosis compared to women. So, they should regularly visit to a dentist for periodontal disease treatment that may effect the overall health.