Parotitis (salivary gland infection)
Of all the salivary glands present in the body, the parotid glands are the largest. The parotid glands are wrapped around the mandibular ramus. The condition when these parotid glands become inflamed is called Parotitis.
There are certain factors which can cause parotitis. These causes are:
- Bacterial infections
- Autoimmune causes
- When the main parotid duct or its branches become blocked
The symptoms of Parotitis are:
- The alteration of the taste of the mouth
- The mouth does not open completely
- Dryness of the mouth
- Pain is felt in the mouth and face, particularly when something is eaten
- The upper neck and the side of face can become red
- The upper floor of the mouth, below the jaw and area in front of the ears can become swollen
- Usually, the condition does not require any treatment and resolves naturally. However, if pus has formed or there is a fever, then antibiotics would be prescribed by the physician. Sometimes, if the situation worsens and an abscess is formed, then it has to be removed surgically.
Maintaining good hygiene of the oral cavity can prevent Parotitis and can also help in the treatment for the condition