Orthognatic surgery is the surgery by which minor and major skeletal irregularities of the face and jaws are treated. The complex misalignment of jaws and teeth, which cannot be taken care of with the use of braces, is treated with the help of orthognatic surgery. Individuals who have problems in speaking, chewing or breathing due to misalignment of the teeth can have orthognatic surgery to get correct the problem. The orthognatic surgery is not only effective in giving the perfect smile to an individual, but it also proves to be greatly supportive in solving the functional problems.
Orthognatic surgery might be required if an individual faces the following problems:
- swallowing difficulty
- where there is an unwanted space between the upper teeth and the lower teeth when the mouth is closed, known as open bite
- any defect of birth or due to any accident or injury
- receding chin
- extended jaw
- the lips not meeting without doing so intentionally
- dryness of the mouth and chronic mouth breathing
- breathing difficulties while sleeping, this is called sleep apnea
- if the individual faces trouble in chewing or biting
- Jaw point (TMJ) or chronic jaw pain or headache
- continuous wearing of the teeth
- unnatural facial structure
Before initiating the actual orthognatic surgery, the dental surgeon uses orthodontic braces to change the position of teeth. This new position will temporarily make the shape of your jaws even more bizarre. During the orthognatic surgery, the dental surgeon then moves the teeth to the natural and actual position that they should be and which fits the teeth together. X-rays are also taken before and after the surgery.
General anesthesia is given to patients during the orthognatic surgery and usually the surgery takes approximately 1 to several hours to complete.
The jawbones are treated in orthognatic surgery to give a natural look to the shape of the jaws and teeth. For this purpose, bones can even be reshaped, removed or added. Application of screws, wire, surgical plates, rubber bands, etc is also usual.
Most of the incision and opening is done inside the mouth, this makes the cuts invisible to others, but in some scenarios, incision outside the mouth may be necessary. In such cases, the dental surgeon will take care that the cut is the least-visible to others.
The orthognatic surgery dramatically improves the biting and functioning abilities of the jaws. The teeth and jaws move to a more functional, balanced, natural and healthy position. Beside the functioning abilities, the appearance of the individual improves appreciably as well.