Oral cysts

Oral cysts

Oral cysts are basically cavities in the mouth which are usually filled with sero-sanguinous fluid containing cholesterol crystals. This fluid is generally amber colored.  If proper treatment is not initiated for oral cysts, then they may grow progessively larger. This can eventually lead to weakening of the jaw bone, so that a trivial injury or tooth extraction can cause a fracture of the jaw.

Typically, oral cysts are asymptomatic, which means that they do not display any symptoms of illness or a disease, and hence, people are usually unaware of them. During the routine dental check-up and examination, the dental expert may only then identify oral cysts. Oral cysts give rise to a smooth and rounded swelling and the painless expansion of the jaw bone. The teeth which exist adjacent to the oral cyst might be missing, particularly in young patients.

Mucous cyst of the oral mucosa

The mucous cyst of the oral mucosa is a swelling of the connective tissue due to the accumulation of mucin in a particular area. It is usually a bluish translucent color and most commonly exists at the surface of the lower lip. Other areas include the inner side of the cheek, the anterior ventral tongue and the floor of the mouth. The mucous cyst of the oral mucosa can be caused by a ruptured salivary gland or an obstructed salivary duct.

Odontogenic cyst

Odontogenic cyst is a closed sac which has a distinct membrane. This cyst can be filled with semi-solid substances, air or fluids. The odontogenic cyst exists at the odontogenic epithelium. There are different types of odontogenic cysts, these include dentigerous cyst, buccal bifurcation cyst, paradental cyst, residual cyst, periapical cyst, etc.

There are different treatments for the removal of oral cysts. These treatment measures include simple enucleation, curettage and resection. Small cysts can also be resolved by root canal treatment.

Related articles.

Displaying 1 to 5 of 83

Root Canal Therapy

Root canal treatment (also called Endodontics) is needed when the pulp inside your tooth becomes infected through tooth decay or damaged by an injury to your mouth. This infection may spread through the root canal system, which could eventually lead to an abscess, causing a great deal of discomfort. 

.... read more

Gagging reflex in dentist chair

Gag reflex or Pharyngeal reflex is a contraction which is basically a reflex. Reflex means an involuntary and instant response to a stimulus. The gag reflex is triggered in the back of the throat by the touching of the soft palate. The gag reflex prevents choking and also stops anything entering the .... read more


Biofilm is the terminology that is given to the collection or aggregation of microorganisms on a surface in which the cells adhere to each other. Generally, an extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) exists over the biofilm which embeds the biofilm within itself. This extracellular polymeric substan .... read more

Menopause and oral health

Menopause is a condition when the primary functions of the ovaries stop. The primary function of the ovaries is to discharge ova and hormones. These hormones and ova eventually cause menses and also create the uterine lining. When menopause occurs, the woman does not experience menses or periods. Us .... read more

Light Curing

Light is energy. Without light, life on earth would be extremely intricate and difficult. Light is not only used for energy and viewing purposes, but it is also applied during different treatments by doctors and dentists. During the removal of cavities and root canal treatments, different types of r .... read more

Oral Health by Regions


Oral Health Knowledge Base