Oral cysts

Oral cysts

Oral cysts are basically cavities in the mouth which are usually filled with sero-sanguinous fluid containing cholesterol crystals. This fluid is generally amber colored.  If proper treatment is not initiated for oral cysts, then they may grow progessively larger. This can eventually lead to weakening of the jaw bone, so that a trivial injury or tooth extraction can cause a fracture of the jaw.

Typically, oral cysts are asymptomatic, which means that they do not display any symptoms of illness or a disease, and hence, people are usually unaware of them. During the routine dental check-up and examination, the dental expert may only then identify oral cysts. Oral cysts give rise to a smooth and rounded swelling and the painless expansion of the jaw bone. The teeth which exist adjacent to the oral cyst might be missing, particularly in young patients.

Mucous cyst of the oral mucosa

The mucous cyst of the oral mucosa is a swelling of the connective tissue due to the accumulation of mucin in a particular area. It is usually a bluish translucent color and most commonly exists at the surface of the lower lip. Other areas include the inner side of the cheek, the anterior ventral tongue and the floor of the mouth. The mucous cyst of the oral mucosa can be caused by a ruptured salivary gland or an obstructed salivary duct.

Odontogenic cyst

Odontogenic cyst is a closed sac which has a distinct membrane. This cyst can be filled with semi-solid substances, air or fluids. The odontogenic cyst exists at the odontogenic epithelium. There are different types of odontogenic cysts, these include dentigerous cyst, buccal bifurcation cyst, paradental cyst, residual cyst, periapical cyst, etc.

There are different treatments for the removal of oral cysts. These treatment measures include simple enucleation, curettage and resection. Small cysts can also be resolved by root canal treatment.

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