Bottle caries (infants and children)

Bottle caries (infants and children)

Bottle caries are also known as early childhood caries, baby bottle tooth decay, and bottle rot. Bottle caries is the syndrome in which the teeth of infants and young children get affected by severe decay. It is basically a bacterial infection which is quite common these days.

One of the primary factors which cause bottle caries is the consumption of liquids containing fermentable carbohydrates. These liquids can be juices, milk, soda, infant formula, etc. These liquids contain sugar and the constant and frequent contact of the sugar with the infant teeth can cause bottle caries. Other factors include applying poor feeding practices which means that proper preventative measures are not taken during feeding. Feeding with a bottle at night frequently and the frequent use of a no-spill training cup can lead to early childhood caries as well.

Just like permanent teeth, the deciduous teeth are vulnerable to dental caries as well. Upon the eruption of the first deciduous teeth, care should be taken to prevent dental caries. In extreme cases, even tooth extraction or dental restoration will be required due to bottle caries. However, it should be noted that dental caries can be prevented and by taking proper care, the teeth of the infant can be saved from bottle caries.

Precisely, infants and children suffer from bottle caries and early childhood caries when their teeth are exposed to sweetened liquids frequently and regularly. Breast milk and water does not, however, cause dental caries. Milk formula and fruit juices can lead to early childhood caries. The bacteria in the mouth of the children consume the sugar in these items to produce a particular type of acid. This acid starts damaging the tooth enamel and when this enamel is not remineralized by the remineralization process sufficiently, bottle caries are the result.

In order to prevent bottle caries and early childhood caries, the teeth and gums of the children should be cleaned properly and punctually after every feeding and meal. This is necessary after the eruption of the first tooth. The use and consumption of fluoridated water is also very effective in preventing early childhood caries.

 

Related articles.

Early Childhood Tooth Decay

During early childhood, many changes occur in the mouth of a young child. The mouth supports important bodily functions from birth and throughout all ages, including; breathing, digestion, communication, and biological/physical protection. A healthy mouth for a young child is a cornerstone for life-long health and well-being.

.... read more

Bottle caries (infants and children)

Bottle caries are also known as early childhood caries, baby bottle tooth decay, and bottle rot. Bottle caries is the syndrome in which the teeth of infants and young children get affected by severe decay. It is basically a bacterial infection which is quite common these days. One of the primary .... read more

Dental hygiene for children

The dental hygiene of children is extremely important. Children who have good oral health have great chances to have healthy teeth for the rest of their lives. At this young age, children should be educated about taking care of the teeth. This habit should be ingrained when they are young so that th .... read more

Pediatric dentistry

The science and study which deals with dental treatments for children, from birth to reaching adolescence, is called pediatric dentistry. Pediatric dentistry includes the following:

  • The growth and development of the teeth of children
  • Prevention and treatment of dental diseases .... read more


Oral Health by Regions

     

Oral Health Knowledge Base

     

Glossary