Occlusion

Occlusion

Occlusion means the contacting and meeting of teeth of the upper and lower arches. The association and correlation between the mandibular and maxillary teeth is called the occlusion. Occlusion can be when biting or chewing something, or when the teeth are at rest in normal conditions when the mouth is closed.

In ideal conditions, the upper teeth and the lower teeth should meet perfectly. There should not be any gap or misalignment between these teeth. Any misalignment or irregularity is called malocclusion. Malocclusion leads to various dental and general health problems.

When the teeth come into contact with each other during rest, when the mouth is closed or while sleeping or being awake,  it is called a static occlusion. When the teeth come in contact with each other while functioning, like chewing and biting, it is called dynamic occlusion.

Maximum intercuspation is a condition when the cusps of the teeth of the upper and lower arches interpose and merge with each other. An occlusal design when the frontal teeth protect the latter teeth is called a mutually protected occlusion. The damage caused due to malocclusion is called occlusal trauma. Occlusal trauma includes pain, loose teeth, tooth migration, fremitus, etc.

An occlusal split is a removable device which is used for the treatment of malocclusion and other similar dental problems, for instance, Bruxism. This appliance fits onto the upper and lower tooth arch and ends the malocclusion.

Related articles.

Displaying 1 to 5 of 23

The Benefits of Braces

Braces are a popular choice of orthodontics used to straighten crooked teeth, align the jaw and improve the aesthetics of smiles and faces. Alongside improving the physical appearance of the teeth, they can dramatically improve the health of the mouth, leading to improved oral health and in the long term, less health conditions. 

.... read more

Invisible braces

Invisible braces are dental braces which are fixed to the inside surface of the teeth. This is the reason these braces are also known as lingual braces and as they are fixed to the back side of the teeth and cannot be seen by others, they are called invisible braces. Invisible braces were introdu .... read more

Distoclusion

Distoclusion is a malocclusion in which the lower tooth arch articulates with the upper tooth arch in a distal position. The mandibular arch, in this condition, is in a posterior position as compared to the maxillary arch. Distoclusion is basically a skeletal abnormality when the lower tooth arch ex .... read more

Occlusion

Occlusion means the contacting and meeting of teeth of the upper and lower arches. The association and correlation between the mandibular and maxillary teeth is called the occlusion. Occlusion can be when biting or chewing something, or when the teeth are at rest in normal conditions when the mouth .... read more

Fixed retainers

After the teeth go through a surgery or a treatment of aligning, orthodontic retainers are used which hold the teeth in the correct position. These orthodontic retainers are custom-made and are made of clear plastic or wire. Usually, they are applied after the dental braces are removed or before the .... read more


Oral Health by Regions

     

Oral Health Knowledge Base

     

Glossary