Malocclusion

Malocclusion

When the upper tooth arch and the lower tooth arch do not have an ideal alignment and association, it is called malocclusion. The condition of both the arches being in contact with each other is called occlusion. In the perfect occlusion, both the upper and lower tooth arches should connect with each other in complete alignment. When this is not the case, it is called malocclusion.

To some extent, malocclusion is normal, and there is no need for treatment because usually people do have some misalignment in their teeth. However, when the misalignment is more than normal, and can cause more damage to the individual, then orthodontic or surgical treatment is necessary to correct the condition.

Malocclusion can damage the oral cavity and cause problems to the individual in many ways. It can lead to tooth decay and even temporomandibular joint disorder. The treatment for malocclusion is therefore vital, because it prevents tooth decay and also reduces the unwanted pressure on the temporomandibular joint.

Crowded teeth is also a type of malocclusion. When there is not adequate room for the teeth and the teeth form a misaligned pattern, this is called crowded teeth. This condition is treated with the aid of the following

  • Extraction of tooth

  • Application of dental braces

  • Jaw surgery


The structure of the face also plays a vital role in forming malocclusion. Moreover, habits such as sucking the thumb and tongue thrusting can also destroy the alignment between the teeth.

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Distoclusion

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