Dental implants

Dental implants

When a person loses a tooth, it can cause people to suffer from various physical and psychological problems. In some severe cases, these problems can include: depression, poor self-esteem and speech problems. Tooth loss can greatly affect a persons daily life, it can essentially control how we behave and the food we eat.

Dental implants are an alternative for people who suffer from tooth loss, using a removable denture or a fixed bridge. Dental implants are surgically fixed substitutes for the roots of missing teeth. The implants are integrated into a patients jawbone fusing together with the bone over time to form a strong and long-lasting replacement tooth. Dentures and bridges mounted on these implants will not slip or shift in the mouth which is a very important benefit when eating and speaking.

A single dental implant or multiple implants can be integrated into the jawbone and capped with a natural looking tooth, for a confident and comfortable smile. After the situation is assessed, the dentist will recommend the best treatment option for their patient. There are many different dental implant types, each one designed to meet a specific patients needs.

Root Form Implants:

This is a cylindrical or screw type of implant and is the most commonly used form. These implants are usually called Endosseous or Endosteal implants, and this simply means that they are placed in the bone. The bone needs to be deep enough and wide enough to provide a secure foundation. The implants come in various widths and lengths. The amount of incisions and bone preparation that need to be made depends on how many implants and teeth need to be placed. The implant is put in place and the gums are stitched closed. The healing period tends to be three to six months, but may take longer in some cases. The bone in the jaw grows around the implant and creates a strong structural support, as the osseointegration occurs. These implants may even be stronger than an original tooth's root. After the healing is complete, the implant is uncovered and an extension is attached to it.

Plate Form Implants:

These implants are used if the bone is narrow and root form implanting is unsuitable, this form is also used when the area is not suitable for bone grafting. The plate form implant is flat and long, so it is very suitable for a narrow jawbone. An anaesthetic is administered to the patient and the site of the implant is exposed, the jawbone is prepared and then the plate form is placed in the bone. Plate form implants usually have some healing period to allow osseointegration to occur, although some are designed for immediate restoration.

Sub-Periosteal Implants:

This implant is used when patients do not have enough bone in the jaw to support a root form implant. This implant is designed to sit on top of the bone, underneath the gums. This type of implant might be placed using two different methods; "dual surgery" or "single surgery". Dual surgery involves the specialist taking an impression or model of the bone. The model is then used in a dental laboratory to create a custom implant to fit the specific patients jaw. Single surgery involves a CAT scan being taken, and the model is used to fabricate the custom subperiosteal implant to fit the patients jaw. The jawbone is then exposed and the implant is put in place. The gums are then stitched closed and replacement teeth are put in place.

Transosseous Implant:

This is a rarely used form of dental implant configuration. It is designed for people who have very little bone in their lower jaw and no bottom teeth. It requires extensive surgery, general anaesthesia and hospitalization and this is why it is very rarely used. Its use is limited to the lower jaw, and placing the transosseous implants involve inserting the two metal rods from below the chin, through the chin bone until exposed inside the mouth. These visible rods in the mouth are then used to attach a denture. Surgeons and dentists these days prefer to use the other methods of dental implants because they give the same effective results without the extensive surgery.

Ramus-Frame Implant:

This form of dental implant is used when a patient has a thin lower jawbone. This implant is fused in the jawbone in the back corners of the mouth, near the wisdom teeth. Once it is inserted a thin metal bar is visible around the top of the jaw, until the tissue heals. Dentures are then made to fit onto this bar. This type of implant helps to prevent weak jaws from fracturing and stabilize them.

A beautiful and stunning smile is wanted by everyone and dental implants are able to provide people with exactly this. As well as aesthetically improving a smile, it improves function and comfort and allows the patient to eat, speak and smile with complete confidence.

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