Oral pathology

Oral pathology

Pathology involves the study and diagnosis of diseases. Oral pathology implies the diagnosis of diseases of the mouth and jaw. Since the mouth is an important organ which performs numerous different functions, the health of the mouth is extremely crucial. The mouth is also prone to be affected by several diverse medical and dental disorders and diseases.

Oral pathology deals with the identification and diagnosis of all the diseases which can affect and influence the oral and maxillofacial regions. This branch of medical science looks into and explores the causes, processes and effects of the diseases of the oral cavity.

The following are some of the major diseases which are diagnosed and identified by oral pathology:

Diseases of the salivary glands

The salivary glands perform the function of producing saliva and diverse enzymes. These saliva and enzymes is extremely useful and important for the swallowing and processing of foods. Due to the diseases of the salivary glands, the salivary glands can get inflamed and sore. These diseases of the salivary glands can also possibly lead towards cancer.

One of the most common diseases of salivary glands is when stones are formed in the small ducts of the salivary glands. These stones prevent the saliva flowing freely as it would do naturally.  To cure the problem of stones in the salivary glands, it may be necessary for surgery or medication.

Mumps

Mumps is a viral infection which affects the parotid glands. In this disease, a throbbing swelling occurs at the sides of the mouth. This disease can be contagious. The best prevention step to take against mumps is to be vaccinated in infancy.

Halitosis

Halitosis is the problem of bad breath. There are many factors which can cause this. These factors include smoking, consumption of alcohol, gum disease, poor care of dentures, sinusitis, chronic lung disease and most importantly, not cleaning the mouth properly by regular brushing and flossing the teeth.

Some medications have the side-effects of causing dryness of mouth which can also lead to the problem of bad breath. Maintaining the cleanliness and hygiene of the oral cavity is crucial in prevent halitosis.

Aphthous ulcer

These are more commonly known as canker sores. These are small ulcers which can appear inside the mouth, on the tongue and on the lips. Usually, these ulcers vanish within 10 to 14 days. These sores are quite painful and inflamed and cause an uncomfortable sensation.

Oral candidiasis

This is a fungal infection which affects the mucous membrane of the mouth. Trauma caused by dentures and tongue piercing are among the factors which can lead to this condition. In this condition, a white patch can occur in the mouth

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Oral pathology

Pathology involves the study and diagnosis of diseases. Oral pathology implies the diagnosis of diseases of the mouth and jaw. Since the mouth is an important organ which performs numerous different functions, the health of the mouth is extremely crucial. The mouth is also prone to be affected by se .... read more


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