Tongue

Tongue

The tongue is a muscular structure in the oral cavity which has many functions such as supporting in the chewing of food, helping to make sounds and speaking, etc, this function is called phonetic articulation. The tongue is the chief organ of taste because it contains taste buds. The tongue remains moist by the saliva produced by the salivary glands and it is very sensitive as well. The tongue comprises of many nerves and blood vessels. The tongue can also be used for cleaning the teeth.

There are eight muscles in the tongue. These muscles are divided into two types:

Extrinsic muscles of the tongue

  • Genioglossus

  • Hyoglossus

  • Styloglossus

  • Palatoglossus


Intrinsic muscles of the tongue

  • Superior longitudinal

  • Inferior longitudinal

  • Verticalis

  • Transverses


The intrinsic muscles of the tongue are attached to any bone. The extrinsic muscles of the tongue are attached to the bone.

The tongue is the soft tissue site in the oral cavity which is the second most vulnerable to becoming infected with diseases and ailments. The first soft tissues are the gingiva or the gums. Numerous disorders and conditions pertaining to the tongue exist; these include burning mouth syndrome, tongue necrosis, squamous cell carcinoma, etc.

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Saliva gland

The salivary glands are the glands which produce saliva. Saliva is the water-like and frothy substance which is produced in the mouth. The saliva is 98% water, and the other 2% consists of other substances. The saliva supports in the digestion process and also prevents tooth decay by breaking down t .... read more

Jaw

The jaw is the bony structure which exists in the entrance of the mouth. This structure consists of segments which are held together by joints. The jaw is primarily used for manipulating food and grasping functions. The jaw comprises of the lower jaw bone, which is called the mandible, and the upper .... read more

Tongue

The tongue is a muscular structure in the oral cavity which has many functions such as supporting in the chewing of food, helping to make sounds and speaking, etc, this function is called phonetic articulation. The tongue is the chief organ of taste because it contains taste buds. The tongue remains .... read more

Palate

The palate, which is most commonly known as the roof of the mouth, is the structure which separates the oral cavity and the nasal cavity. This is the upper wall of the oral cavity. Palates are of two types, the hard palate and the soft palate. The hard palate exists in the anterior position, while t .... read more

Permanent molars

There are twelve molars in the mouth.  The molars are the most intricate kind of teeth and these exist at the rear of  the mouth. These teeth are effectively used for grinding the food prior to swallowing. The molars exist in sets of three teeth on each quadrate, this means three molars on the right .... read more


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