Cavities

Cavities

Tooth cavities are also known as tooth decay or dental caries. This is a disease in which the tooth enamel, dentin and cementum gets damaged and demineralized by the bacteria in the oral cavity. The consumption of sugary items and carbohydrates triggers this by allowing the bacteria in the mouth to produce certain types of acids. This acid starts damaging the tooth enamel and if the enamel is not mineralized back through the remineralization process, a cavity is the result.

Dental cavities are basically holes in the teeth. The treatment for dental cavities should be initiated immediately otherwise it can cause pain, infection and tooth loss. Dental caries or tooth cavities are among the most common diseases in the world.

Initially dental cavities appear as a small chalky area, and later on, turn into a large cavity. This cavity can usually be seen easily be everyone, but sometimes, the cavities are formed in areas of teeth where the visibility is poor. Radiographs and other methods of detection can be used to view the existence of dental cavities in such areas and the extent of damage caused to the teeth..

There are certain types of bacteria in the mouth which have the ability to produce acid when fermentable carbohydrates like glucose, fructose and sucrose are consumed. This acid lowers the pH level below 5.5 at the surface of the tooth, eventually demineralizing the tooth enamel.

Usually, the patient experiencing dental caries does not know about their existence. A chalky white spot on the tooth is the first indication of dental caries. This chalky white area is the portion of the tooth enamel which has been demineralized. Later on, this turns into a cavity. It is important to note that once a cavity has been formed, the lost tooth structure can not be brought back and regenerated. Dental caries damage the tooth enamel and the dentin, and then start affecting the dentinal tubules which causes severe pain. Dental cavities also cause bad breath and alteration of taste.

Dental cavities are formed through four main criteria. Tooth enamel or dentin, bacteria in the mouth which cause dental caries, the consumption of fermentable carbohydrates, and lastly, time and the frequency of the consumption of fermentable carbohydrates. Dental caries are formed on the surface of the tooth, this means that the fraction of the tooth which is exposed to the oral cavity, but dental caries do form on the tooth structures which exist within the bone.

A tooth structure which has been destroyed due to dental caries can not be regenerated, however, small carious lesions can be remineralized to normality if the oral hygiene is maintained. Fluoride is extremely necessary for the remineralization process. Topical fluoride can be applied for treatment of small carious lesions.

If the cavity is not small, then treatment can must be done to stop the further progression of the dental cavity and to prevent additional damage of the tooth. In this case, the tooth decay is removed from the tooth. A dental handpiece and a spoon is used for the purpose. After the removal of the tooth decay, dental restoration is applied to the missing tooth structure so that functionality and aesthetics are restored.

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Cavities

Tooth cavities are also known as tooth decay or dental caries. This is a disease in which the tooth enamel, dentin and cementum gets damaged and demineralized by the bacteria in the oral cavity. The consumption of sugary items and carbohydrates triggers this by allowing the bacteria in the mouth to .... read more


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