Dysgeusia or taste disorder
Dysgeusia or taste disorder is when the sense of taste becomes distorted. Taste disorder can be from birth or caused by other factors. The main ones that cause dysgeusia are:
- Chemotherapy: chemotherapy treatment has many side-effects in which the entire oral cavity is affected. One such side-effects is the origin of dysgeusia. Similarly, radiation therapy for the head and neck can also cause taste disorder.
- The tongue contains taste receptors called taste buds. When these taste buds become distorted and do not function properly, the individual is suffering from dysgeusia.
- Zinc is a vital element that should be present in the appropriate measure in the body Zinc is very supportive for the health of the taste buds. When there is a deficiency of zinc it may lead to taste disorder.
- Some medications and drugs also have the potential to trigger dysgeusia.
- Xerostomia can cause taste disorder
- Head injury
- Poor oral hygiene
Taste disorder is treated with the help of medication. These medications produce artificial saliva which can minimize the effect of dysgeusia. Application of pilocarpine is also prescribed by doctors. If the taste disorder is caused by zinc deficiency, then this deficiency is removed with the help of medications.