Dental Health and Veneers
Dental veneers are thin, custom-made shells of tooth-coloured materials designed to cover the front surface of the teeth. Made from either porcelain or resin composite, these shells are then bonded to the front of the teeth changing their color, shape, size, or length.
What Types of Problems Do Dental Veneers Fix?
- Teeth that are discolored. Either because of root canal treatment or staining.
- Teeth that are worn down
- Broken or chipped teeth
- Misaligned, uneven, or irregularly shaped
- Teeth with gaps between them
Getting a dental veneer usually requires three trips to the dentist – one for a consultation and two to make and apply the veneers.
Consultation and treatment planning
This first step involves talking to your dentist about your concerns and the desired result that you are trying to achieve. During this appointment, your dentist will examine your teeth to make sure dental veneers are appropriate for you. X-rays and impressions of your mouth and teeth may also be taken.
To prepare a tooth for a veneer, your dentist will remove about 1/2 millimeter of enamel from the tooth surface. Next, your dentist will make a model or impressions of the teeth. These will be sent out to a dental laboratory for construction. This process usually takes 1-2 weeks. While waiting for permanent veneers to be fitted, the dentist will do temporary veneers. Temporary veneers will look good, but you need to be careful not to break them. They may cause a slight lisp but this resolves in a few days once the patient gets used to the changes in his mouth. Soon you will get used to the new teeth in terms of everyday routines like eating, drinking and talking.
Before the dental veneer is permanently cemented to your tooth, your dentist will temporarily place it on your tooth to examine its fit and color. They will then repeatedly remove and trim the veneer as needed to achieve the proper fit. To prepare the teeth for the veneer, your tooth will be cleaned, polished, and etched – which roughens the tooth to allow for a strong bonding process. Once properly positioned on the tooth, your dentist will apply a special light beam to the dental veneer, which activates chemicals in the bonding material, causing it to harden. The final steps involve evaluating your bite and making any final adjustments in the veneer as necessary.
- Veneers provide a realistic tooth appearance
- Gum tissue tolerates porcelain well.
- Porcelain veneers are stain resistant.
- Veneers offer a conservative approach to changing a tooth’s color and shape. No extensive shaping prior to the procedure like crowns.
- Improves appearance in a relatively short period of time.
- The process is not reversible.
- Veneers are a costly alternative to composite resin bonding.
- Enamel removal may make teeth more sensitive
- Teeth with veneers can still experience decay.
- Veneers are not a good choice for patients with decay or gum disease. Fractured teeth or those with large dental fillings need to be treated first also.
- People who grinding or clenching their teeth must wear a special appliance avoiding any chipping.
Also, Read – Veneers