When children between the ages of 1 to 4 years go through their tooth development and experiences excessive ingestion of fluoride, then the child may suffer from a permanent condition of dental fluorosis. Although dental fluorosis is most common in children, adults have also been found to be affected with it. Initially, tiny white lines or spots can been seen on the teeth, these tiny spots are usually overlooked and unnoticed by people. Later on, they turn into black and brown stains and can cause cracking and pitting of the teeth.
Dental fluorosis can be mild or severe dependent upon certain factors, such as the degree of fluoride exposure, the age of the individual, nutrition and diet, etc. Exposure of the teeth to any source of fluoride can cause dental fluorosis, such as water fluoridation, use of tea bricks, high fluoride coal, etc.
Cosmetic treatment of dental fluorosis is possible. The results depend upon the condition of the teeth before the treatment. The treatments for dental fluorosis include microabrasion, tooth bleaching, porcelain veneers and conservative composite restorations.