Chronic periodontitis is the long-lasting or re-current gum disease which causes inflammation of the gums. Poor health of the oral cavity and the buildup of plaque on the teeth can contribute to the chronic periodontic disease development.
The symptoms of chronic periodontitis include
- The gums bleed while brushing, flossing or eating certain food items.
- Periodic and continuing swelling of the gums.
- Continual bad breath and bad taste in the mouth.
- The gums may recede exposing the roots of the teeth.
- Between the teeth and gums, deep pockets form.
The bleeding which occurs in chronic periodontal disease is painless. Hence, people often overlook it. Chronic periodontitis can cause frequent bursts of destruction over time. Although the severity of the disease does not progress rapidly.
Smoking is among the major factors which can cause chronic periodontitis, as well as a poor oral hygiene. Therefore, controlling and cessation of smoking, and maintaining good oral health are two important steps to prevent the disease.
Scaling and root planning is the initial treatment for chronic periodontitis. With this treatment, the periodontist gets rid of the plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums. Open flap debridement is another treatment procedure which can be performed if the periodontist thinks it feasible.