Bruxism is a disorder in which a person grinds their teeth and clenches their jaw. This grinding is done unconsciously whilst awake or sleeping. Grinding person teeth is an easygoing disorder and usually, there is no need for treatment, but various night guards recommended to prevent the damage. However, persistent bruxism has the potential to lead to more severe disorders, these include teeth and jaw problems and disorders, frequent headaches, etc.
Some people have sleep bruxism in which they only grind their teeth while sleeping, and are unaware of it. Basically, bruxism is a habit, and not a reflex. A reflex is a reaction to a condition, whilst a habit does not need any stimulus. It becomes a routine without having any particular reason behind it. Bruxism occurs unconsciously when the person is sleeping, or when they are awake but the conscious attention is busy with something else.
According to experts, some factors have also been identified which trigger and lead to bruxism, these factors are:
- Allergic reactions
- Other medical diseases
- Any emotional and physical trauma
- Digestive diseases
- Anxiety and stress
Typically, bruxism is not felt by the person suffering from it, especially people suffering from sleep bruxism. The condition is at the outset noticed by other people, such as a sleeping partner.
Persistent bruxism can lead to gum recession and even tooth loss as the constant grinding of the teeth and clenching of the jaw can be harmful to the teeth and the jaw. The edges of the teeth can wear off with the passage of time and the entire tooth structure could be affected. Moreover, if the teeth have already become weak due to decay, gum disease, or any factor, then they unable to resist the bruxism effect and more damage is caused.
The treatment for bruxism depends upon the exact cause of the condition. If bruxism is only a habit without any other triggering factor, then habit modification should be done. Other treatments are:
- Use of dental guards and splits
- There are certain processes and instruments by which bruxism can be controlled. These are called biofeedback devices. For example, the biofeedback headband, etc
- Botulinum toxin, commonly known as Botox can be used
If you aware of grinding or clenching we recommended discuss it with your dentist and they will find the best solution for you.
Also read – Mouth-guards