Alveoplasty is the name of the surgery by which the jawbone is smoothed out after the extraction of one or more teeth. After the extraction of a tooth, the jawbone in the extraction area possesses uneven points. These high and low points in the jawbone cause discomfort to the individual. These may cause dentures to hit the high points of the jawbone as well.
Untreated toothless area of the jaw could cause problems for fixing of dentures in the future. Hence, alveoplasty makes it easier for individuals to get dentures fixed in the toothless areas. Moreover, it also helps in controlling the bleeding.
In situations when several teeth are extracted, gums take some time to heal. Alveoplasty makes this healing process much quicker. It reshapes the bones around the tooth sockets, making the jawbone smoother. It is then stitched up for the convenience of the patient.
Alveoplasty requires various levels of anesthesia depending upon the condition and situation of the individual and treatment. Local anaesthesia is mostly used by oral surgeons. However, general anaesthesia might also be required when numerous teeth are extracted.
After the completion of the alveoplasty surgery, the particular area gets swollen and sore. Medications are prescribed by the dentist, which will reduce the discomfort within a period of 2-3 days.